Turkey’s cultural wealth: open-air museums



Turkey's cultural wealth: open-air museums

Göbeklitepe Archaeological Site in Şanlıurfa, Nemrut Mountain Ruins in Adıyaman, Yesemek Open Air Museum in Gaziantep and Dara Ancient City in Mardin take visitors on a historical journey.

Göbeklitepe Archeological Site, Nemrut Mountain Ruins, Yesemek Open Air Museum and Dara Ancient City attract attention with their thousands of years of history in the Southeastern Anatolia Region. The historical sites in Şanlıurfa, Gaziantep, Adıyaman and Mardin literally take visitors on a historical journey.
Göbeklitepe, which is described as “the zero point of history” with its 12 thousand years of history in Şanlıurfa and included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, is one of the most visited historical places by local and foreign tourists.
Increasing its reputation when it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List about 3 years ago, Göbeklitepe hosted more than 400 thousand visitors in 2019. Corona virus (Covidien-19) last year because more people welcome the Göbeklitepe, Culture and Tourism Ministry in the virtual museum application of 1 million 673 thousand visits to see the most interest in Turkey’s history was the venue. VIRTUAL MUSEUMS YOU CAN VISIT WITHOUT LEAVING THE HOME
Turkey Tourist Guide Associations Chairman of the Supervisory Board and Chairman of Sanliurfa Regional Chamber of Tourist Guides Muslim shepherd, region and expressed satisfaction with the increased interest from the start.
Emphasizing that the Southeastern Anatolia Region is the least risky region during the epidemic process, Çoban said, “Many people who want to have a tour and travel plan now want to come to this region. Recently, there was intense interest in Şanlıurfa and the region. “It is pleasing in terms of tourism mobility. Travel and tour planners have started to create intensity by calling agencies, tour guides and hotels. Many people who are bored of sitting at home are looking for”.
Located at the intersection of eastern and western civilizations, Nemrut Mountain, known as “the place where sunrise and sunset is the most beautiful place in the world” with an altitude of 2 thousand 150 meters, as well as its monumental tomb, giant sculptures, offers its visitors unique beauties.
Nemrut Mountain Ruins, which is on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List, within the borders of Kahta district of Adıyaman, is home to many gigantic artifacts with a 50-meter-high, 150-meter-diameter tumulus belonging to the Kingdom of Commagene.
Protected as a national park area, the region welcomes thousands of local and foreign tourists every year. Climbing Mount Nemrut, visitors have the opportunity to watch the unique sunrise and sunset after a 40-minute walk of 800 meters.
Local and foreign tourists take pictures to immortalize the beautiful view they see on the top of the mountain they arrive before sunset.
The ancient city of Dara, located in Mardin, the “city of civilizations” and established by the Eastern Roman Empire in order to protect its border against the Sassanids, attracts the attention of tourists during the normalization process.
Scientific excavations and researches carried out for more than 30 years have unearthed numerous architectural remains from various periods in the ancient city of Dara, which is located in the Oğuz District, 30 kilometers from the central Artuklu district, and is described as the “Ephesus of Mesopotamia”.
The ancient city, which is one of the important cities of ancient Mesopotamia and where the remains of churches, palaces, bazaars, dungeons, armories and water dams, welcomes its visitors within the scope of Covid-19 measures.
The necropolis area, where religious ceremonies were held and hundreds of people were buried together in the ancient city during the Roman period, is one of the most popular sections.
With the “Dara Ancient City Archaeological Site Landscaping and Restoration Project” implemented within the framework of the “Attraction Centers Support Program” of the Ministry of Industry and Technology, the Dicle Development Agency (DİKA) has provided support of 4 million TL. Within the scope of the project, studies were initiated to carry out conservation, landscaping and visitor center works in order to revive the Dara walls, one of the most important city wall structures in the world, and to transform the ancient city of Dara into a destination that can be visited under comfortable and suitable conditions, and to promote this tourism center in the international arena.
“WE ARE PLANGING IT FOR UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE TEMPORARY LIST” DİKA Secretary General Ahmet Alanlı said that Dara is one of the most important city wall structures known in the world. Stating that most of the tourists coming to Mardin visit the ancient city, therefore, the infrastructure works in the area should be given importance, Alanlı said that they have started work to ensure that tourists can travel in healthier and more suitable conditions with the project implemented.
Alanlı stated that they are planning to turn this historical area into a tourism-oriented destination center by uncovering the city walls, constructing walking paths and building a reception center. Expressing that they hope to contribute to the city in many areas, Alanlı said, “After the welcoming center and landscaping are done, we are planning to establish a local market for rural development, perhaps for the purpose of attracting more tourists. In addition to financial support, we plan to introduce this place in the world. UNESCO World. “We are planning to include the Heritage in the Temporary List. Our aim is to bring this place to tourism and to ensure the development of the region.”
Alanlı pointed out that Dara is one of the most preferred places due to the risk in closed areas during the epidemic process, “Because this is an open-air museum. People were able to visit this place in a very healthy way. People continue to visit this place intensely without saying cold, winter. “We think that if we continue to work on infrastructure in terms of tourism, we will increase the number of tourists even more, and the tourists will have the opportunity to spend more time.”
Oktay Çetinkaya, one of the citizens who visited Dara Ancient City, stated that he never thought that he would encounter such a beautiful place when he came from Ankara. “It is really beautiful, like an open-air museum. The history lies here. It is a really great place,” said Çetinkaya, and advised everyone to see this historical site.
Yesemek Open Air Museum and Sculpture Workshop, which contains artifacts from the Hittite period in Gaziantep’s İslahiye district, draws the attention of visitors.
The Yesemek Open Air Museum and Sculpture Workshop, which contains 518 statues on the UNESCO World Heritage Temporary List, in Yesemek District, 23 kilometers away from the district center, is visited by an average of 15 thousand people annually. The number of visitors to the open air museum dropped last year due to the epidemic.
Ali Çiçek, who has been the guide of the museum for about 20 years, said, “8 thousand 683 people visited our museum in 2020. This number is of course very low for us. Our number of visitors decreased due to Covid-19, but I believe that with the normalization process, our number will be the same again.”


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