18 February 2021
In the ancient city of Mardin, the rooms called ‘abbara’, built on the historical streets by leaving a passage below, attract the attention of local and foreign tourists. Stating that the Abbaras are among the most important and extraordinary works of the city, Artuklu Mayor Abdulkadir Tutaşı stated that the number of abbaras, which was 106 until recently, has decreased to 57 and said, “These are the ones we can protect. Abbaras are very cool in summer and very warm in winter. “It is almost a foundation of our house, it is a terrace. That terrace overlooks the Mesopotamian Plain. This is a distinct beauty. These need to be protected.”
The rooms called ‘abbara’ in Mardin, dating back hundreds of years and shedding light on the history of the city, bearing traces from all periods, attract the attention of local and foreign tourists.
Most of the abbaras, which were built by leaving a passage underneath the historical streets, and until recently had 106 in the city, were destroyed and collapsed. The number of abbaras varying between 1.5 meters and 5 meters in height has therefore dropped to 57.
Artuklu Mayor Abdulkadir Tutaşı, stating that there are terraces on many abbaras, said, “Those terraces also overlook the Mesopotamia Plain. This is a distinct beauty, as a city we cannot gain from agriculture and transportation as before. Therefore, we should turn to tourism. “It is among the architectural works. We are trying to preserve them. The next generations should also protect them.”
Emphasizing that the Abbaras are one of the most important and extraordinary architectural works of the city, President Tutaşı said, “The history of these abbaras goes back to the foundation of the city. Artukids, Ottomans, in short, whoever lived here have a fee on them. Abbaras were built for the passageway and security. There is a terracing system here. There is another abbara 3-5 meters below each abba. This is seen as a level transition. We have abbaras ranging from 5 meters to 25 meters. “It changes between meters. These facilitated the transition of our people in the past when our ancestors lived,” he said.
Speaking of the existence of 106 abbaras until recently, President Tutaşı said: “Unfortunately, we lost almost half of them as a result of collapse or demolition. There are 57 left in number. These are the ones we can protect. These are the passages of our houses. They are almost a foundation of our home, one They need to be protected. We are dealing with them as much as we can. From time to time some of them are of course damaged, we are trying to prevent them. I hope they will not get any damage from now on.
These are also available in Şanlıurfa, but they don’t call it abbara, they say ‘aba six’. These are abbara for us. In our essence, it is referred to as abbara. We need to protect them. God bless, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality repaired 40 of them a few years ago. We are also trying to protect it. Generations after us also need to protect. Because it is a culture that should not be lost. Mardin cannot be understood by talking about it. Mardin cannot be told without experiencing. You will live, see, travel in Mardin. We will have seen what part of Mardin without visiting these streets. Mardin is not introduced by taking a picture in passing. We say our people come and come. Now, tourism is our only savior in the Southeast, especially in our city. From now on, Mardin is a city that will keep us alive, ensure the future of our children, protect our city and become a gateway for our country.
İbrahim Yakut, who came to Mardin for a tour, said that he found the abbaras interesting and said, “I mean tunnels dug under the houses. I even read their history, they used passages to protect from the cold in winter and to protect from the heat in summer. “Abbaras are really interesting architectural structures,” he said.