10 July 2021
Since the beginning of the pandemic, interest in caravans has increased for those who want to have an isolated holiday in Turkey. So how much are the rental, purchase and use costs of caravans? Where are the caravan parks? Here is everything you wonder about caravans…
The increase in the spread of vaccination throughout Turkey, the course of the disease and the decrease in the numbers, have enabled the holidaymakers to throw themselves into the holiday regions with the summer months and the approaching holiday. The demand for caravan tourism, which started to become widespread at the beginning of the pandemic, continues this year as well. They did not give up on caravan tourism in the summer of 2021, when the number of cases decreased relatively.
Regardless of the pandemic, the industry has started to gain a new audience of consumers who see it as an adventure vacation, as in Europe. According to the news of Cem Özenen from Hürriyet newspaper, while the number of companies that rent motorhomes continues to increase day by day, the trailer also became one of the new favorites.
As in most consumer products, price is the first focus of the consumer, especially in the automotive sector. Again, just like in the general automotive sector, an increase in caravan prices is also observed. With the increase in demand and the change in exchange rates, especially second hand prices have almost doubled compared to the previous year. While we observed that the number of affordable caravans on the advertisement sites was higher last year, we observe that this year, the average sales price has increased to the level of 200 thousand, even second hand. These figures can go up to 2-3 million TL in luxury caravans.
One of the important items that the consumer who will buy or rent a caravan should know is the caravan types. Which of these types, which are divided into two as caravan and motorhome, to choose depends on both the need and whether you have your own vehicle. Those who want to drive their own vehicle and can pull a caravan behind the engine power of their vehicle usually prefer the O1 class caravans weighing less than 750 kilograms. Those who do not want to use their private vehicle can rent a caravan with the vehicle from some corporate companies at the moment. Another solution, a motorhome, is the name given to the way in which the rear part of minivan-type vehicles is converted into a caravan and used for this purpose. These types of vehicles can be used commercially, such as movie sets, as well as for holidays.
Vehicles converted or purchased from a panel van to a caravan can be driven with a Class B license as long as their total weight does not exceed 3,500 kilograms with the added equipment. Vehicles with a maximum load of more than 3 thousand 500 kilograms and used for cargo transport are considered trucks in the legislation and can be driven with a C class driver’s license, not with a B class. For this reason, most of the vehicles converted into motorhomes are kept under this weight. In the trailer, the situation is similarly based on weight. Caravans fall into the semi-trailer class. Those who have a license from any of the B, C, D classes can use light trailers with a loaded weight of 750 kilograms or less. If the weight with the load exceeds 750 kilograms, it becomes mandatory to obtain a caravan license, which is classified as BE class.
One of the biggest problems of motorhomes that are converted from motor vehicles is taxation. Since commercially purchased vehicles have to obtain a caravan license while their bodies are converted into caravans, a 160 percent SCT is encountered for vehicles aged 5 and under. For this reason, we see especially 6-year-old and older vehicles in traffic in Turkey. Annually paid Motor Vehicles Tax (MTV), on the other hand, is paid depending on both age and engine volume. These figures vary between 570 TL and 2 thousand 311 TL in 2021. The owner of a trailer under 750 kilograms mounted on the back of the vehicle without a motor does not have to pay an annual MTV.
Caravan and motorhome tolls differ. Caravans are classified as 3rd class vehicles because they have 3 axles on highways and bridges. They have to pay higher fees than the 2nd class motorhomes. One of the bridges in Istanbul, the 5 July Martyrs Bridge cannot be used with a caravan. It is possible to cross the FSM bridge for similar pricing. On the Osmangazi bridge, motorhomes pay 236 TL, while caravans have to pay 280 TL. There are similar differences on all other highways. On sea buses and ferries, there is an additional vehicle + caravan fee for vehicles (less than 6 meters in length) to trailers or boat-carrying trailers attached to the vehicle.
There are no special barriers to where caravan owners park their vehicles. In all regions where there is no parking ban for standard vehicles, there is no obstacle to stopping by caravan and sleeping in the evening. However, it is necessary to use the caravan parks in various regions of Turkey to provide electricity to the vehicle, to fill the water tanks, to find food and drink and to use the toilet.
As the weight of the vehicles increases, the power and fuel that the engine will spend to meet this weight will also increase. Experts say that every 50 kilograms of weight added to the average car increases fuel consumption by about 2 percent. As the weight increases with the materials added to the panel vans converted as motorhomes and the rear chassis, of course, the fuel consumption will increase accordingly. A 750-kilogram caravan to be attached to the back of a standard car will consume approximately 30 percent extra fuel. With this calculation, the consumption of a vehicle that consumes an average of 7 liters per 100 kilometers can increase to 9 liters with a 750 kilo caravan.
Especially with the arrival of the summer months, the Aegean and the Mediterranean have become popular regions. Regions such as Cunda, Kaş, Fethiye Ölüdeniz, Asos, Kuşadası, Datça, Dalyan, Burdur Salda Lake, İzmir Foça and Olympos are among the summer holiday regions that attract the attention of such holidaymakers with both their caravan parks and their calmness. In addition to these, holiday regions such as Bolu Yedigöller, Igneada, Artvin Borcka and Cappadocia attract attention as the regions that caravan holidaymakers and camping lovers are interested in.
Rental prices, like sales prices, rose in this period. The enormous rise in hotel and flight prices still drove the consumer towards the caravan. Depending on the size and equipment, daily rental prices for motorhomes start from 1,000 TL, while caravan prices start from 750 TL per day. The prices, which peak in the summer months, decrease a little from the autumn. In July and August, those who want to rent may have to wait for autumn, which is the pastrami summer, as the majority of reservations are full.