According to data from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Turkey by the end of 2020 116 thousand 217 immovable cultural properties and 21 thousand 23 sites whose registration has been completed sheds light on history.
The number of sites and monuments, which are identified and registered, is increasing day by day.
The ministry responsible for protecting cultural assets within the framework of Article 63 of the Constitution, Articles 277 and 281 of Presidential Decree number 1, the Law on the Organization and Duties of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and the Law on the Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets numbered 2863, It carries out the necessary works for the preservation of the immovable cultural assets that have come to date and transfer them to the next generations in line with the principles of international protection.
In this context, the protection of cultural assets is carried out within the framework of the regulations, principles and guidelines of UNESCO, International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), International Center for Conservation and Restoration Studies (ICCROM) for the protection of national legislation and international cultural heritage.
Restorations in Kars Ani Ruins, Patara Ancient City, Diyarbakır Walls, Ephesus Ancient City, Sümela Monastery and Bodrum Castle and excavations in many ancient cities are among the examples that continue to work at international standards.
AVOIDING RADICAL INTERFERENCES
The most important action in the protection of immovable cultural assets determines the nature of the intervention to be made. Since each building has its own problems, different methods and techniques and intervention types are determined for each building.
The most basic conservation approach in the restoration works carried out by the Ministry is aimed at solving the problems of the “cultural property” with the least intervention and providing the conditions for its survival.
In the restoration of cultural assets, “radical” or “fundamental interventions” are avoided unless necessary, and if necessary, the interventions are detailed with recyclable materials.
In the ancient cities, which have been excavated recently, the studies on the site areas are carried out at international standards, and importance is paid to the protection of cultural assets.
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